Expansion of Data Center’s Energetic Degrees of Freedom to Employ Green Energy Sources

Stefan Janacek Wolfgang Nebel
Proceedings of the 28th EnviroInfo 2014 Conference, Oldenburg, Germany
Rising power consumption of data centers is a topic of great concern and therefore several power saving technologies exist. This paper describes the idea of a data center overall power saving and controlling strategy, allowing the data center to enter optimized minimum power states but also to control its own power consumption to apply demand response management. Therefore, the degrees of freedom a virtualized data center has are modelled and the methodology used to control its energy state is described, taking into account the IT hardware like servers and network gear as well as the influence of cooling devices and power distribution devices. In the paper, we describe our models used for our simulations, the methodology and the power saving potential of our system. We formulate the problem to control the data center’s power consumption by applying different consolidation strategies as an extended bin packing optimization problem, where virtual machines must be packed on a specific number of servers. External constraints like the time-flexibility of the solution and the influence on supporting devices are applied by using cost functions. We present a greedy solver for this problem and show first results and the potential of the entire approach.
9 / 2014
AC4DC - Adaptive Computing for Green Data Centers Steigerung  der Energieeffizienz durch intelligentes Rechenlast- und Infrastrukturmanagement vom Anbieter bis zum Anwender