How can we ensure the safety and availability of highly networked human-cyber physical systems which bring together humans, ICT systems, and physical systems that are controlled by humans or machines and networked with each other to create one overall system? An overall system that is responsible for higher functions that are essential for the state and business, such as energy supply; air traffic surveillance and control; traffic flow control; maritime safety, production chains; or systems for postoperative patient monitoring? The Safety Relevant Cyber Physical Systems competence cluster is examining this highly relevant central issue.
Safety-critical systems whose possible failure would endanger human lives are increasingly being used in the automobile industry; maritime technology; aerospace sector; automation technology; energy supply; and healthcare. The reliable avoidance of serious economic consequences as a result of defective computer-based systems is also a key issue.
The development of (partially) autonomous systems is highly dependent on safety being a given. The already high demands on such systems increase not only due to the partial or complete transfer of control, for example to an autopilot, but increasingly also due to the inclusion of self-learning systems. These systems are able to use information gained from their experiences to make future decisions. The element of uncertainty in automatically made decisions presents a further major challenge for safety-relevant applications and systems.
The scientific work being carried out by this competence cluster is thus based on many years of basic research on models, requirements, analyses, and synthesis – which initially took place without the involvement of humans in a special research area. Projects on "Integrated Modeling for Safe Transportation" and "Critical Systems Engineering for Socio-Technical Systems", funded by the German Ministry of Science and Culture, expanded the remit of this work to include humans, examining their infl uence on safety as active participants and decision-makers in such systems.
Over and above this, the OFFIS Safety Relevant Cyber Physical Systems competence cluster can draw on many years of industrial experience in the development of safety-relevant systems that have been developed within the scope of close industrial cooperation with partners from the aerospace and automotive industries as well as the maritime sector. A range of cooperation projects that take basic research as their starting point are examining processes and methods for the development of safety-relevant systems. A particular focus is the issue of how threats to safety in sub-systems or -components can impact the overall system’s safety.
Eckard Böde, Matthias Büker, Werner Damm, Martin Fränzle, Birte Kramer, Christian Neurohr, Sebastian Vander Maelen; Juli / 2019
Matthias Büker, Birte Kramer, Eckard Böde, Sebastian Vander Maelen, Martin Fränzle; AAET Automatisiertes und vernetztes Fahren; Februar / 2019
Werner Damm and Günter Ehmen and Kim Grüttner and Philipp Ittershagen and Björn Koopmann and Frank Poppen and Ingo Stierand; Proceedings of the Workshop on Design Automation for CPS and IoT (DESTION'19); 04 / 2019
Peio Onaindia and Tomaso Poggi and Mikel Azkarate-askatsua and Kim Grüttner and Maher Fakih and Salvador Peiro and Patricia Balbastre; Euromicro Conference on Digital System Design, DSD 2018, Prague, Czech Republic, August 29 – 31, 2018 ; 2018
Günter Ehmen and Kim Grüttner and Björn Koopmann and Frank Poppen and Philipp Reinkemeier and Ingo Stierand; SAE World Congress Experience (WCX'18); 04 / 2018
Benveniste, Albert and Caillaud, Benoît and Nickovic, Dejan and Passerone, Roberto and Raclet, Jean-Baptiste and Reinkemeier, Philipp and Sangiovanni-Vincentelli, Alberto and Damm, Werner and Henzinger, Tom and Larsen, Kim; Foundations and Trends in Electronic Design Automation; 2018
Eckard Böde, Matthias Büker, Ulrich Eberle, Martin Fränzle, Sebastian Gerwinn, Birte Kramer; Computer Safety, Reliability, and Security; September / 2018