Economic Optimization in Virtual Power Plants vs. Stable Grid Operation — Bridging the Gap

Richard Kuntschke, Michael Specht, Marie van Amelsvoort, Marco Wagler, Martin Winter, Rolf Witzmann,
Emerging Technologies & Factory Automation (ETFA), 2015 IEEE 20th Conference on
In nowadays Smart Grids, economic optimizations performed by Virtual Power Plants (VPPs) may interfere with stable grid operation required by Distribution System Operators (DSOs). Since Smart Grids and VPPs are important building blocks of future energy systems, bridging the gap between economic optimization performed by VPPs and stable grid operation required by DSOs is an important task. In this paper, we present a fundamental system architecture and a concept enabling VPPs and DSOs to negotiate their positions to satisfy the needs and requirements of both sides. Thus, instead of being a potential interference factor, economically sensible operation of distributed energy resources (DERs) organized in VPPs and stable grid operation as required by DSOs are integrated in a common solution.
Integration technisch und ökonomisch optimierter Virtueller Kraftwerke (sorry - only available in german)