Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine

Onken, Michael and Riesmeier, Jörg and Eichelberg, Marco and Jensch, Peter
Biomedical Image Processing
Over the past 15 years DICOM (Digital Imaging and Communications in Medicine) has established itself as the international standard for medical image communication. Most medical imaging equipment uses DICOM network and media services to export image data, thus making this standard highly relevant for medical image processing. The first section of this chapter provides a basic introduction into DICOM with its more than 3600 pages of technical documentation, followed by a section covering selected advanced topics of special interest for medical image processing. The introductory text familiarizes the reader with the standard’s main concepts such as information objects and DICOM media and network services. The rendering pipeline for image display and the concept of DICOM conformance are also discussed. The following section then goes deeper into specialized DICOM services starting off with advanced image display services that provide means for storing how an image was viewed (“Softcopy Presentation States”) and how multiple images should be aligned on an output device (“Structured Display” and “Hanging Protocols”.) The next pages then describe DICOM’s sophisticated approach (“Structured Reporting”) for storing structured documents such as CAD information, which is then covered in more detail. Finally, the last section provides an insight into a newly developed DICOM service called Application Hosting, which introduces a standardized plugin architecture for image processing, thus permitting users to utilize cross-vendor image processing plug-ins in DICOM applications.
01 / 2011
Biological and Medical Physics, Biomedical Engineering
Thomas M. Deserno