Comparison of Component-Oriented and System-Oriented Modeling in the Context of Operational Energy System Analysis

Beck, Jan-Philip and Sawant, Parantapa and Drauz, Simon Ruben and Schwarz, Jan Sören and Heyer, Annika and Huismann, Philipp
Simulation based studies for operational energy system analysis play a significant role in evaluation of various new age technologies and concepts in the energy grid. Various modelling approaches already exist and in this original paper, four models representing these approaches are compared in two real-world hybrid energy system scenarios. The models, namely TransiEnt, µGRiDS, and OpSim (including pandaprosumer and mosaic) are classified into component-oriented or system-oriented approaches as deduced from the literature research. The methodology section describes their differences under standard conditions and the necessary parameterization for the purpose of creating a framework facilitating a closest possible comparison. A novel methodology for scenario generation is also explained. The results help to quantify primary differences in these approaches that are also identified in literature and qualify the influence of the accuracy of the models for application in a system-wide analysis. It is shown that a simplified model may be sufficient for the system-oriented approach especially when the objective is an optimization-based control or planning. However, from a field level operational point of view, the differences in the time series signify the importance of the component-oriented approaches.
Model experiments in operative energy system analysis