An Approach for Safety Assessment for Highly Automated Systems Applied to a Maritime Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System

Sebastian Vander Maelen, Matthias Büker, Birte Kramer, Eckard Böde, Sebastian Gerwinn, Georg Hake, Axel Hahn
2019 4th International Conference on System Reliability and Safety (ICSRS)
Traffic density at sea has constantly grown over the last years due to rising shipping of goods. As a consequence it has become a more and more difficult task for the ship’s operating crew to assess a traffic situation and anticipate its future development. Automated collision avoidance systems can assist the crew in this task to reduce the number and severity of accidents. Such a system is the MTCAS (Maritime Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System). Before safety-critical systems like this can go to market they have to undergo a verification and validation process to ensure safety. An important part of this process is the hazard and risk assessment. In this paper we review the state of the art of existing methods for hazard and risk assessment with regard to their applicability to highly automated systems. After identifying the limitations of existing methods we propose a new method especially tailored for highly automated systems and exemplary apply it to MTCAS.
Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE )
Maritime Traffic Alert and Collision Avoidance System
Software-Methoden und Technologien für Modulare Updates von Cyber-Physischen Systemen