A Novel Digital Nutrition Diary for Geriatric Patients at High Risk of Frailty Syndrome

Elfert, Patrick and Berndt, Julia and Dierkes, Louisa and Eichelberg, Marco and Rösch, Norbert and Hein, Andreas and Diekmann, Rebecca
Due to the physical, psychological, or socioeconomic changes that accompany aging, many people will be affected by geriatric frailty syndrome, which can lead to multimorbidity and premature death. Nutrition counseling is often used to prevent and intervene in frailty syndrome, especially in geriatric rehabilitation. To this end, the consumption behavior of geriatric patients is recorded using paper-based, as well as retrospective memory logs in face-to-face interviews between patients and nutritionists. To simplify this procedure, a digital nutrition diary was developed that is specially adapted to the needs of geriatric patients (>=70 years), enabling them to record their consumption behavior themselves. In an initial study (Study 1), conducted in a geriatric rehabilitation division with twelve subjects (ten male, two female, mean age 79.2 ±5.9 years), feedback about the usability of the digital nutrition diary, and how to improve it, was surveyed. In addition, the usability of an activity tracker and a body composition scale was surveyed to determine whether geriatric patients are generally able to use these devices. In a second study (Study 2), also conducted in the geriatric rehabilitation division, this time with sixteen subjects (ten male, six female, mean age 79.3 ±3.9 years), the usability of the digital nutrition diary was surveyed again to evaluate its modifications based on the feedback from Study 1. In Study 1, the usability rating of the system (0–100) was 82.5 for the activity tracker, 29.71 for the body composition scale, and 51.66 initially for the digital nutrition diary, which increased to 76.41 in Study 2.
Digitized Services in Dietary Counseling for People with Increased Health Risks related to Malnutrition