For several years now, traffic has been steadily increasing, not only on highways but also on the oceans. This generates new requirements for the maritime transportation system of the future. eMIR’s (e-Martime Integrated Reference Platform) goal is to achieve greater safety and efficiency to protect both humans and nature despite simultaneous increased use of maritime routes that already carry large volumes of traffic.
The increasing use of highly automated systems, which is closely linked to digitization progress, requires new approaches to maritime security concepts. In particular, the classification (i.e. certification) of so-called cyberphysical maritime systems, which automate software and hardware functions in complex interrelationships in order to relieve on-board personnel in critical situations, requires new methods and tools. On the one hand, it must be possible to test the ship as a "system of systems", i.e. a complex combination of numerous closely interlocked hardware and software parts from different manufacturers. On the other hand, the ship and its automated functions interact with an environment of future mixed-automated traffic, difficult wind, waves and weather conditions or even critical traffic situations, all of which must be taken into account.
This requires on the one hand test fields for the testing of highly automated maritime systems and on the other hand virtual simulation and test environments by means of which even very dangerous situations, such as critical or dangerous manoeuvres with several ships involved, can be automated and played through in numerous variations.
For this purpose eMIR (https://www.emaritime.de) has been conceived as a generic, open communication and service platform, which enables a real maritime test environment in the German Bight, as well as a close coupling of virtual simulations with a concrete physical test. The methods and tools for the development and testing of highly automated maritime systems are available on the platform along the entire development and integration process.
The development platform aims in particular at supporting medium-sized companies that do not have such extensive validation and testing possibilities in-house. The platform can also be used to map value chains by integrating several systems from different manufacturers into complex overall systems and checking them. OFFIS is extensively involved in national and international standardization committees and considers international regulations and standards. eMIR is supported by OFFIS, the University of Oldenburg together with numerous industrial partners through joint research projects.