@inproceedings{sowe2020,Author = {Sowe, Sulayman K. and Fränzle, Martin and Osterloh, Jan Patrick and Trende, Alexander and Weber, Lars and Lüdtke, Andreas},Title = {Challenges for Integrating Humans into Vehicular Cyber-Physical Systems},Year = {2020},Pages = {20-26},Publisher = {Springer Science and Business Media Deutschland GmbH},Series = {12226 LNCS},Isbn = {9783030575052},Booktitle = {Lecture Notes in Computer Science - Software Engineering and Formal Methods - SEFM 2019 Collocated Workshops: CoSim-CPS, ASYDE, CIFMA, and FOCLASA, Oslo, Norway, September 16–20, 2019, Revised Selected Papers},Doi = {10.1007/978-3-030-57506-9_2},type = {inproceedings},Abstract = {Advances in Vehicular Cyber-Physical Systems (VCPS) are the primary enablers of the shift from no automation to fully autonomous vehicles (AVs). One of the impacts of this shift is to develop safe AVs in which most or all of the functions of the human driver are replaced with an intelligent system. However, while some progress has been made in equipping AVs with advanced AI capabilities, VCPS designers are still faced with the challenge of designing trustworthy AVs that are in sync with the unpredictable behaviours of humans. In order to address this challenge, we present a model that describes how a Human Ambassador component can be integrated into the overall design of a new generation of VCPS. A scenario is presented to demonstrate how the model can work in practice. Formalisation and co-simulation challenges associated with integrating the Human Ambassador component and future work we are undertaking are also discussed.}}@COMMENT{Bibtex file generated on }